It is estimated that by 2025 tourism & hospitality sector will contribute US$7.1 billion (? 1
trillion) to the economy of Pakistan. However, one can only attach such high hopes to this sector
when human resource in this sector displays prosocial and not anti-social behavior to both
domestic and foreign tourists. The objective of the study is to examine the level of antisocial
behavior of the managers working in this sector and test its relationship with moral
disengagement. We also examine ethical orientation as mediator and ethical leadership as
moderator in this relationship. Data were collected from 253 managers working in the
hospitality and tourism sector of Pakistan. We find that moral disengagement has significant
effect in promoting anti-social behavior by easing and expediting a process where actors
convince themselves that ethical standard do not apply on them. We also find that ethical
orientation mediates and ethical leadership moderates this relationship respectively.
1-Amna Tariq PhD Scholar, Air University School of Management, Air, University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Shahzad Khurram Assistant Professor, Air University School of Management, Air, University, Islamabad, Pakistan. 3-Amir Ishaque Assistant Professor, Air University School of Management, Air, University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
moral disengagement, anti-social behavior, ethical orientation, ethical leadership