• ISSN(P) : 2708-2474
  • ISSN(E) : 2708-2482
  • ISSN(L) : 2708-2474



Exploitation and Low Wages of Labor Migrants in Gulf Countries

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Migration towards the countries for economic reasons has different diverse outcomes for individuals. The present articles discuss the situation of those who migrated for economic stability of their left behind families. The issues faced by the laborers in middle east were explored through case study method from those who visited back home after expiry of visapermits. The migrants were selected from District Dera Ghazi Khan which has thousands of left behind families. Findings show that the Kafala system provides the migrants an opportunity to work and earn but lots of issues have been faced by such migrants in the countries of destination. They are bound to do as per the requirement of the sponsors because disobedience cause their departure from earning opportunity and the country as well. They have been exposed to harsh treatment and payed irregularly and withholding of payments is used as a tool to control.


1-Faiz Rasool
PhD Candidate, Department of Anthropology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad.

2-Syed Imran Haider
Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.


Unskilled laborer, Low wage, technical skills etc.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Published: Mar 2020

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